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Hypertension: What You Need to Know As You Grow


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Hypertension: What You Need to Know As You Grow

You cannot see high blood pressure, also called Hypertension. And most of the time, you can’t hear it. But if you are among the 78 million Americans with high blood pressure or you are one of the 70 million people with hypertension (high blood pressure), it is important to understand its effects on your health – and take action today to bring the numbers to healthy levels.

Blood pressure is the force of blood pressure against the inner walls of your arteries. It has the usual fluctuations throughout the day – falling when you are relaxed or asleep, waking up naturally in the morning, and rising temporarily when you are under stress, having fun or exercising. However, when resting blood pressure is too high, it can damage, strengthen and / or weaken blood vessels. This effect may increase your risk of heart attack; multiply the chances of stroke; increase your risk of heart failure, blindness, kidney problems, dementia and circulatory problems such as peripheral artery disease (causing pain in your legs); your bones are weak. and impact erectile dysfunction in men.

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Causes and Risk Factors

You may have an increased risk of high blood pressure if you smoke, be overweight, eat unhealthy foods and fiber and / or high in fat and salt, drink too much alcohol, live with chronic stress or do not get enough physical activity. Other causes of hypertension are uncontrollable — including your genes and race. Aging also plays a role. Even if you do not have high blood pressure at the age of 55 to 65, your risk of developing it is 90 percent.

In another Johns Hopkins study of 975 older women and men with high blood pressure, healthy lifestyles helped 40 percent stop taking antiretroviral drugs. Some studies have shown that changes in lifestyle can reduce the risk of high blood pressure in African Americans and others with increased genetic risk.


A healthy lifestyle is a strong shield against high blood pressure and its harmful effects. These steps can reduce your risk – and help reduce your numbers if you already have hypertension or high blood pressure.

  • Lose a little weight. Excess weight – especially too much fat stored in your stomach – can increase blood pressure by increasing your blood pressure and changing your balance of stress-regulating hormones. “Even moderate weight loss can make a big difference,” notes Durso, pointing to a study showing that losing just 7.7 pounds [7.7 kg] can reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure by 50 percent or more.
  • Limit alcohol consumption. “Alcohol balance is very important,” Durso said. “If you’re a man who drinks more than two drinks a day or a woman who drinks more than one a day, cut it down.” While a little alcohol can stop the blood vessels, but too much seems to have a different effect.
  • Exercise and other forms of physical activity help keep nerves flexible and reduce the activity of the nervous system, which can strengthen blood vessels and increase blood pressure. If you already have high blood pressure, exercise alone can lower your numbers by 8 to 10 points, according to the American Heart Association.
  • Maintain healthy blood pressure. Minerals calcium, magnesium and potassium (found in low-fat and low-fat dairy products, such as milk and yoghurt, as well as in products and dried beans) help your body control blood pressure. Too little can raise blood pressure. As well as the high sodium content – found in most processed foods – by keeping your body hydrated (which increases blood volume) and strengthens your lower blood vessels. Saturated fats (found in meat, cheese, butter, whole dairy products and many processed foods) can also raise blood pressure.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking damages blood vessels and increases the risk of heart disease. When in possession of cigarettes, the chemicals in tobacco products also increase blood pressure.
  • Relieve stress. It is unclear whether psychiatric treatments have a lasting effect on blood pressure or reduce risk, but it is known that the immune system releases hormones that temporarily raise blood pressure. You will feel better, and find it easier to make some healthy changes, if you get used to the process of reducing stress such as breathing exercises, continuous relaxation and strenuous activities. Alternatively, meditation has been shown to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in people with high blood pressure.

Diagnosis & Treatment

To keep your blood pressure under control, your doctor may recommend a healthy lifestyle change, medication, or both. “The decision to start antihypertensive drugs – and the number and type of doctor you prescribe – will depend on the severity of the high blood pressure,” explains Durso. “If you have hypertension or high blood pressure, a lifestyle change may be the first step. Losing 5 to 10 percent of your body weight, reducing your sodium, improving your diet and exercising regularly will lead to lower blood pressure. If your blood pressure is high, your doctor will still recommend these changes and blood pressure medications. ”

Two important things to know about your treatment:

  • Your doctor may increase your dose gradually. “It can take a month to six weeks to lower your blood pressure by gradually increasing your dose,” notes Durso. “Lowering blood pressure too quickly can cause dizziness and increase the risk of falls.”
  • Report side effects. “Don’t stop the medication yourself,” warns Durso. “Call or make an appointment and tell your doctor about any side effects you may have. He or she may be able to adjust or change your medication. ”Side effects can include fatigue, cold hands or feet, weakness, depression, sleep problems, changes in heart rate and a dry cough.

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Living With

High blood pressure often has no symptoms. That can make tracking on healthy lifestyle changes with medication a challenge – you may not feel the difference. These steps can help you stay committed to controlling your daily blood pressure:

Use a medication reminder. Daily pill drive, electronic pill bottles that sound when it’s time for your next dose, note in your refrigerator – use any reminder system that works best for you. About one in two people with high blood pressure do not take their medication as prescribed, a mistake that can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and other health problems.

“For a person with high blood pressure who is well treated and careful at home, a six-month medical check-up can fit him. If your blood pressure is within range and you do not need medication, you may need to have a re-test every two years. ”


  • Vascular: A system of flexible tubes – blood vessels, capillaries and arteries – that carry blood to the body. Oxygen and nutrients are delivered through blood vessels to small, enclosed cells that feed on cells and pick up waste, including carbon dioxide. Capillaries transmit pollution to the arteries, which return blood to the heart and lungs, where carbon dioxide is released through your respiratory system as you exhale.
  • Dementia: Loss of brain function that can be caused by a variety of diseases that affect the brain. Symptoms include forgetfulness, negative thinking and judgment, personality changes, anxiety and loss of emotional control. Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease and insufficient blood flow to the brain can all cause dementia. Many forms of dementia are irreversible.
  • Diastolic blood pressure: Number two, or lower, in the study of blood pressure. Diastolic blood pressure measures the blood pressure in the arteries when the heart is relaxed during the beating. Healthy reading is usually less than 80 mm Hg. High reading may indicate that you have high blood pressure or are at risk of developing it.
  • Heart failure: When the heart is unable to donate as much blood as the body needs, because it is unable to complete or pump enough. Diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and heart valve problems can cause heart failure. Heart failure does not mean that the heart will stop. Medication and lifestyle changes can reduce symptoms.
  • Fatty fats: The most common fats found in butter, whole milk, ice cream, saturated cheese, fatty meat, chicken skin, and palm and coconut oil. Satisfied fats that raise LDL cholesterol levels threaten your heart rate. It can also interfere with your body’s ability to absorb blood sugar more easily. Reducing saturated fat can help control the risk of heart disease.
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