Trump has announced the US withdrawal from the agreement in 2020, but US and Russian officials have put the possibility of joining the two sides again.
The United States has said Russia will not renew arms embargoes that allow member states to operate patrol aircraft, accusing Moscow of violating the agreement.
The decision not to re-enter the Open Agreement came just weeks before a planned summit between President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva. U.S. movement It leaves only one arms control treaty between the two armed states, the new START treaty. Biden agreed to extend the agreement for another five years.
“The United States regrets that the Open Skies agreement was hurt by Russia’s violations,” a State Department spokesman told NBC News. “In concluding the review of this agreement, the United States therefore has no intention of seeking reunification because Russia has failed to take any steps to return to compliance.”
The spokesman also said that Russia’s recent actions, including in Ukraine, did not indicate that it was a partner “committed to building self-confidence.” Russia has recently deployed dozens of troops, tanks and airplanes near the Ukrainian border before reducing what it called “exercise.”
Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman informed Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov of the decision on Thursday, a spokeswoman said.
Trump says Russia has not followed the Open Skies arms control agreement
Signed by the United States in 1992 and enacted in 2002, the treaty allows unmanned aerial reconnaissance aircraft to fly to international checkpoints. The agreement was designed to promote transparency and reduce potential tensions between Russia and the West.
The 34 member states of the treaty piloted 1,500 pilot planes in October 2019.
Former President Donald Trump announced the US withdrawal from the agreement last year, but officials in Washington and Moscow had indicated that it was possible for the two sides to reunite. Russia’s lower house of parliament voted last week to ratify the deal.
Russia dismisses U.S. allegations That it failed to comply with the agreement and overturned Trump’s decision to leave the agreement.
Some weapons control experts in the U.S. They criticized the U.S. decision, saying the agreement was a useful tool to prevent conflict or mysterious catastrophe.
“It is unfortunate and dangerous for the United States to decide to withdraw from the Open Skies Treaty, and Russia’s decision to do the same makes the situation worse,” said Jon Wolfsthal, director of the Nuclear Crisis Group and senior adviser to Global Zero, a dedicated international organization. eliminating all nuclear weapons.
“Open Skies is designed to make it difficult for provinces to secretly recruit troops to attack or invade across the border of another province,” he said. “In today’s environment, where any small power collision can grow rapidly, Open Skies are needed now more than ever.”
Although viewing aircraft are less efficient at collecting data such as fragmented satellites, contractors have argued that the aircraft provide a way to build trust and avoid potentially inaccurate calculations.
U.S. authorities over the years have blamed Russia for blocking access to Open Skies aircraft in the strategic location of Kaliningrad, above Moscow, as well as on the border between Russia and the Georgian regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia
Trump adheres to a surveillance agreement used to monitor Russia, the resources system
The United States has responded to Russian sanctions by reducing the length of flights to Hawaii and restricting access to two US Air Force bases used during Russian missions in the U.S.
Kingston Reif, director of disarmament and intimidation policies at the Arms Control Association, said the decision was “unfortunate but not surprising.”
As a candidate for the presidency, Biden strongly criticized Trump for leaving the agreement. But administrative officials have found that their means of renewing the deal are “very limited” due to the collapse of Trump’s move, according to Reif.
“The repeal of this agreement underscores the importance of the United States and Russia re-establishing stability and security negotiations and following effective measures to reduce the risk of uncertainty and conflict,” he said.